Future-Proofing Building Material Distribution

Differences Between American, European, and Mongolian Oak

When it comes to selecting the perfect wood for your construction or woodworking project, the type of oak you choose can make a significant difference. White oak is a popular choice known for its strength, durability, and stunning appearance. In this article, we’ll delve into the differences between three prominent types of white oak: American, European, and Mongolian.


Below is a chart comparing the technical data of the 3 species of oak provided by The Wood Database, a great source for detailed information on the majority of known wood species.

Quercus alba Quercus robur Quercus mongolica
Common Name(s) American White Oak English Oak, European Oak Japanese Oak, Mongolian Oak
Origin/Distribution Eastern U.S. Most of Europe, to Asia Minor, and North Africa Japan and eastern Asia
Tree Size (Height) 65-85 ft (20-25 m) 80-115 ft (24-35 m) 65-100 ft (20-30 m)
Tree Size (Trunk Diameter) 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) 2-3 ft (0.6-1 m)
Avg. Dried Weight 47.0 lbs/ft3 (755 kg/m3) 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3) 43 lbs/ft3 (680 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC) 0.6, 0.75 0.53, 0.67 0.64, 0.68
Janka Hardness 1,350 lbf (5,990 N) 1,120 lbf (4,980 N) 1,200 lbf (5,320 N)*
Modulus of Rupture 14,830 lbf/in2 (102.3 MPa) 14,100 lbf/in2 (97.1 MPa) No data available
Elastic Modulus 1,762,000 lbf/in2 (12.15 GPa) 1,544,000 lbf/in2 (10.60 GPa) 1,525,000 lbf/in2 (10.51 GPa)
Crushing Strength 7,370 lbf/in2 (50.8 MPa) 6,720 lbf/in2 (46.3 MPa) 8,290 lbf/in2 (57.2 MPa)
Shrinkage (Radial, Tangential, Volumetric, T/R Ratio) 5.6%, 10.5%, 16.3%, 1.9 4.7%, 8.4%, 13.0%, 1.8 No data available

*Estimated hardness based on specific gravity

American White Oak (Quercus alba)

American White Oak


American White Oak, scientifically known as Quercus Alba, boasts a beautiful light to medium brown color with a straight grain pattern. It often features a subtle array of ray flecks that give it a unique character. The grain is typically straight, with a coarse, uneven texture. In comparison to the other species of oak discussed, American White Oak has the lowest tannin levels, which makes it less desirable when using reactive stains or fuming the wood to achieve the desired color. Its appearance makes it a favorite for high-end furniture and cabinetry.


American White Oak is renowned for its exceptional durability. It is highly resistant to decay and rot, making it an excellent choice for outdoor applications such as boat building and exterior trim. Its strength also makes it suitable for flooring and furniture that will withstand years of use.


American White Oak is abundant and readily available in the United States, making it a cost-effective option for domestic projects. Its availability extends to various thicknesses and cuts, providing flexibility in design. It is the cheapest white oak in comparison with the other 2 discussed in this blog post, although thicker and wider boards can be more expensive due the restrictive harvesting rules for the more mature, larger trees. This wood is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Common Uses/Applications

American White Oak is commonly used for flooring, cabinetry, furniture, and even wine barrels. Its versatility and durability make it a top choice for many woodworking projects.

European Oak (Quercus robur)

European White Oak

English Oak falls into the white oak group, and shares many of the same traits as White Oak (Quercus alba).

One of the most famous English Oak trees, The Major Oak, is a massive tree located in Sherwood Forest, in Nottinghamshire, England. The tree is estimated to be approximately 1,000 years old, and is purported to have been a common hideout for Robin Hood and his outlaws.


European White Oak, or Quercus Robur, showcases a similar color spectrum to its American counterpart. However, European White Oak may have a more prominent grain pattern and larger ray flecks. This distinct appearance makes it a preferred choice for flooring and interior applications. European Oak has the highest Tannin Acid volume in comparison to the other oaks, which makes it the best option if you are going to chemically treat the wood, either with a reactive stain or by fuming/smoking the wood. By using a reactive stain or fuming/smoking the wood, the resulting color of the wood will be throughout the entire piece of wood.


European White Oak is similarly durable, capable of withstanding the test of time. Its resistance to decay and insects makes it an excellent choice for exterior uses. However, it is more commonly found in interior applications due to its availability in Europe.


European White Oak is primarily found in Europe, which can limit its availability and increase the cost in other regions. However, it is still accessible for those who seek its unique qualities, despite the more restrictive requirements enforced by the European Union for harvesting these type of trees. This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. Wider, longer, thicker European Oak boards are more available than in other oak variants. Mostly due to the size the trees can grow to and European foresters being more selective in their harvesting methods, which allows more trees to grow to larger sizes.

Common Uses/Applications

European White Oak is popular for flooring, paneling, and high-end furniture. Its distinctive appearance lends itself well to elegant interiors, and its durability makes it a good choice for boatbuilding and whiskey/wine barrels. European White Oak is quite a versatile wood option.

Mongolian Oak (Quercus mongolica)

Mongolian White Oak


Mongolian White Oak, also known as Quercus Mongolica, distinguishes itself with a paler color palette, ranging from pale beige to light brown. Its grain pattern is typically straight and uniform, making it an excellent option for contemporary designs and lighter interiors. Mongolian Oak is reported to have a larger percentage of sapwood and a smaller heartwood section, with lighter overall color than the other White Oaks discussed. This is a result of the colder climate and increased proportion of earlywood growth


Mongolian White Oak falls in the same category of durability as its American and European counterparts, but since it tends to have a wider proportion of sapwood, it is more vulnerable to insect attacks and wood decay. Its unique appearance often makes it a popular choice for interior design.


Mongolian White Oak is not as widely available as the other commonly used oaks. This wood species is in CITES Appendix III, but is not on the IUCN Red List.

Common Uses/Applications

Mongolian White Oak is not as commonly used as the other oaks, primarily due to its CITES listing. Although, when it is used, it is used in furniture, decorative veneers, and other projects that do not require large amounts of lumber. Its lighter color and unique grain patterns make it a standout choice for high-end interior design applications.


In conclusion, the choice between American, European, and Mongolian White Oak ultimately depends on your specific project needs and design preferences. Each variety offers distinct appearances, durability, and availability, allowing you to select the perfect oak for your next endeavor. Remember to consider your budget, location, and the intended application when making your decision, and you’ll be well on your way to crafting something truly remarkable with these remarkable woods.


Through our blog we aim to provide high-quality content on interested topics related to construction, design, and the different building material options available. If there is something that interests you that we have not talked about in a blog, please let us know below!




Introducing Coastal Custom Products’ New Blog

Coastal Custom Product's logoIn the ever-evolving landscape of building materials, staying ahead of the curve requires more than just quality products; it demands an unwavering commitment to learning and growth. Coastal Custom Products is excited to announce the launch of our brand-new blog, a digital hub designed to empower our customers with profound knowledge and invaluable industry insights.

At Coastal Custom Products, we understand that our customers are not just seeking products; they’re seeking solutions and expertise. With this understanding at heart, our blog aims to deliver well-researched, informative, and engaging content that caters to a wide spectrum of interests within our industry. From articles exploring the latest trends in sustainable building materials and interior design trends to deep dives into cutting-edge manufacturing techniques, our blog promises to be a treasure trove of knowledge. We have been involved in the construction and building materials industry for almost two decades. See for yourself the dedication of Coastal Custom Products to always increase our knowledge and to share that knowledge with anyone who wants to learn on our About Us page.

Welcome to Coastal Custom Products’ new blog—a gateway to unparalleled industry insights and a roadmap to your success.

Embarking on a Journey of Knowledge

At Coastal Custom Products, we believe that knowledge is the cornerstone of success. Our newly minted blog is not just a platform; it’s a journey—a journey that will take you deep into the realms of building materials. Whether you’re a seasoned industry veteran or just stepping into this vibrant arena, our blog is tailored to cater to all levels of expertise. Our goal is simple: to be your guiding light through the labyrinth of industry trends, emerging technologies, and best practices.

One the most important things I have learned in my life was during my junior year at Clemson University from one of my professors. He said “You go to school to learn how to learn. As soon as you stop learning, you become dumb. What I teach you this semester, will probably be outdated information by the time you graduate.” I took that to heart, and am always reading articles, going to trade shows, talking with other industry professionals to gather other insights, and looking for new sources of information to further my knowledge of everything related to the construction industry, such as innovative building materials, improved construction processes, the ever-changing supply chain, future design trends, and market conditions.

Unveiling a Treasure Trove of Insights

**A Comprehensive Learning Experience**

Coastal Custom Products’ blog is designed to offer a comprehensive learning experience for individuals and businesses in the construction world. By covering these five key areas, our blog aims to equip you with the knowledge, insights, and inspiration you need to navigate the dynamic landscape successfully. Whether you’re looking to stay up-to-date with the latest trends, explore innovative products, learn from industry experts, optimize your practices, or draw inspiration from success stories, our blog has you covered.

So, what can you expect from Coastal Custom Products’ blog? Get ready to dive into a treasure trove of meticulously crafted articles that cover a wide spectrum of topics:

1. Industry Trends: Navigating the Shifting Landscape

In a rapidly evolving industry, staying informed about the latest trends is essential for staying competitive. Our blog will provide in-depth analyses of the most significant industry trends, backed by comprehensive research and expert insights. From changes in consumer behavior to shifts in regulatory landscapes, we’ll break down how these trends are impacting businesses and offer guidance on how to adapt and thrive. We are members of several industry specific organizations and associations to ensure that we stay up-to-date on industry related trends. Some of the organizations that we associate with are the American Institute of Architects (AIA)National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA), U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and Design-Build Institute of America (DBIA).

We have several upcoming blog posts planned that will talk about current and upcoming trends related to the construction industry.

Some of the topics include:

  • Eco-Friendly Building Materials
  • Flooring Trends for the Future
  • Popular Cabinetry Trends in Kitchens and Bathrooms

2. Product Innovations: Redefining Possibilities

Innovation is the heartbeat of progress. Our blog will spotlight the latest advancements in construction materials, processes, and design techniques. Through detailed case studies and hands-on reviews, we’ll showcase how innovative products are reshaping the industry. From cutting-edge materials to groundbreaking designs, we’ll keep you informed about what’s next. Check out our product offerings on our Products Page to see what innovative products we currently offer. We are always looking to add new products to our “arsenal” so we can help our customers stay ahead of the curve!

We have several upcoming blog posts planned that will talk about innovative building materials.

Some of the topics include:

  • The Pros and Cons of Laminated Bamboo
  • Real Leather vs. Synthetic Leather
  • The Rise of Mass Timber

3. Expert Interviews: Wisdom from Industry Leaders

Learning from the best is a shortcut to success. Our blog will feature exclusive interviews with industry experts, entrepreneurs, and thought leaders. These conversations will provide unparalleled insights into their journeys, the challenges they’ve overcome, and the strategies they’ve employed to achieve success. From experienced building materials distributors, to successful designers and architects, to seasoned flooring contractors and home builders, get ready to tap into a wealth of wisdom and experience. We love connecting with everyone, especially professionals in our industry! Contact us if you’d like to connect and be featured in a future blog post!

We have several upcoming blog posts planned that will talk about experiences and tips from various professionals involved in the different fields related to the construction industry.

Some of the professionals include:

  • Flooring Contractor: to discuss how to choose the right flooring for your unique space and tips for prolonging the life of your floors
  • Interior Designer: to discuss upcoming interior design trends and how to create the best environment for your specific needs
  • Civil Engineer: to discuss the different benefits and limitations of building materials and best practices for incorporating green-building materials into projects

4. Best Practices: Elevating Your Operations

Optimizing your processes and practices is key to achieving efficiency and excellence. Our blog will serve as a repository of best practices, offering practical tips and actionable advice to enhance various aspects of your operations. Whether you’re looking to streamline your supply chain, improve customer service, or enhance your online presence, we’ll provide step-by-step guides and real-world examples to help you succeed.

We have several upcoming blog posts planned that will talk about different ways you can elevate your business to the next level.

Some of the topics include:

  • Staying Competitive in the Building Materials Industry by Offering Unique Products
  • How to incorporate Lean Six Sigma into your business
  • How AI can help streamline business operations

5. Success Stories: Learning from Triumphs

Learn from real-world success stories that exemplify the power of innovation and determination. These stories will inspire you to push your boundaries and reach new heights.

Success stories are more than inspiring tales; they’re blueprints for achievement. Our blog will showcase real-world success stories from within the industry. These stories will highlight individuals and businesses that have overcome challenges, embraced innovation, and achieved remarkable growth. By studying these stories, you’ll gain insights into the strategies, mindsets, and decisions that led to their triumphs.

Stay Tuned and Engaged

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Coastal Custom Products’ new blog is more than words on a screen; it’s a commitment to your success. We’re here to be your partners in progress, your guides in the maze of industry dynamics, and your source of insights that can propel you forward. Stay tuned, stay inspired, and welcome to the Coastal Custom Products blog!

Thank you for embarking on this exciting journey with us. Here’s to learning, evolving, and achieving greatness together.


If you have any questions or topics that you would like to learn more about, please let us know by filling out the form below and we will be sure to provide an insightful, informational blog post about it in the near future!

Live Edge Slabs

Live Edge Slabs

We have partnered with a logging and wood processing company in Africa to bring a wide range of African wood products into the United States. The species available consist of commonly known species (such as Sapele), and less known species (such as Azobe, which is comparable to Ipe). The slabs are ideal for conference tables, counter tops, hanging doors, and much more.

Species: Sapele, Azobe, Tali, Doussie, Padauk, Bubinga, Iroko, etc (any available African wood species)

Max Sizes:

Thickness: up to 3”

Width: up to 82”

Length: up to 18’

*Custom sizes available upon request





Origin: Cameroon

Contact us to learn what AMCO-CDA has to offer to complete your home and office

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